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IceWarp: Cross-Site Scripting in Notes for Contacts

During a penetration test, RedTeam Pentesting discovered that the IceWarp WebMail Server is prone to user-assisted cross-site scripting attacks in its contact module. If IceWarp users import a manipulated vcard, for example from an email, attackers can run arbitrary JavaScript code in the users' browsers.


Product: IceWarp WebMail Server
Affected Versions: IceWarp 12.2.0, 12.1.x, probably earlier as well
Fixed Versions: IceWarp
Vulnerability Type: Cross-Site Scripting
Security Risk: high
Vendor URL:
Vendor Status: patch available
Advisory URL:
Advisory Status: published
CVE: CVE-2019-19265


"Secure professional email with own domain and revolutionary integration with chat. Shared calendars for perfect planning."
(from the vendor's homepage)

More Details

IceWarp allows users to import contacts in vcard format [1] from emails. These contacts can contain HTML notes as can be seen by exporting notes created by IceWarp. The following line shows such a note:

X-ALT-NOTE;FMTTYPE=text/html:<h1>RedTeam Pentesting</h1>

By inserting JavaScript here, a cross-site scripting vulnerability can be exploited if an IceWarp user imports such a manipulated contact into IceWarp. The property handling for the HTML formatted note "X-ALT-NOTE" and "FMTTYPE" is not defined in the vcard [1] standard, but is borrowed from the calendar file format ical [2]. Originally, the vcard standard uses the property "NOTE". This field can be used to exploit a cross-site scripting in IceWarp, too.

Proof of Concept

Send an IceWarp user one of the following vcards:

FN:Pentesting\, RedTeam
X-ALT-NOTE;FMTTYPE=text/html:<img style="display: none\;" src="x" onerror="alert('RedTeam Pentesting')">


FN:Pentesting\, RedTeam
NOTE:<img style="display: none\;" src="x" onerror="alert('RedTeam Pentesting')">


None known.


Update to IceWarp

Security Risk

Attackers without an account on the IceWarp system can send specially crafted vcard [1] files to IceWarp users. If an IceWarp user imports that new contact into the IceWarp web application a cross-site scripting vulnerability can be exploited. That could, for example, be used to display a fake login form and get access to the user's credentials, or to access any data stored in IceWarp such as emails, contacts, tasks, files or appointments. Access to these could be abused to exploit the vulnerability described in rt-sa-2019-016 [3].
This is considered to pose a high risk.


2019-11-11 Vulnerability identified
2019-11-15 Vendor notified
2019-11-22 Customer approved disclosure
2019-11-25 CVE number requested
2019-11-25 CVE number assigned
2019-12-02 Vendor released fixed version
2019-12-10 Customer approved disclosure
2019-12-13 Fixed version released
2020-01-02 Advisory released



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