Arbitrary Redirect in Tuleap
RedTeam Pentesting discovered an arbitrary redirect vulnerability in the redirect mechanism of the application lifecycle management platform Tuleap.
Affected Versions: > 18.104.22.168
Fixed Versions: >= 22.214.171.124
Vulnerability Type: Arbitrary Redirect
Security Risk: low
Vendor URL: https://www.tuleap.org/
Vendor Status: fixed version released
Vendor Issue URL: https://tuleap.net/plugins/tracker/?aid=11136
Advisory URL: https://www.redteam-pentesting.de/advisories/rt-sa-2018-001
Advisory Status: published
CVE URL: https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=GENERIC-MAP-NOMATCH
"Tuleap is an open source tool for Scrum, Kanban, waterfall, requirement management. Plan, track, code and collaborate on software projects, you get everything at hand."
(from the Tuleap website )
RedTeam Pentesting discovered an arbitrary redirect vulnerability in the way Tuleap handles redirects. Usually this function is only used in Tuleap after an successful login to assigned trackers, however the redirect can be used indepented of whether a user is authenticated to the application. While the application employs a URL filter to prevent arbitrary redirects, the URL filter can be bypassed. This allows attackers to redirect users to a different website, if a user opens an attacker prepared URL.
The filter can be bypassed by using protocol relative URLs, which omit the leading protocol identifier. These arbitrary URLs are prefixed with two slashes, which instructs the browser to use the same protocol as the current page. This behaviour is specified in RFC 3986  in section 5.4.
Proof of Concept
The following URL to an example installation of Tuleap will redirect users to an attacker controlled website:
Currently no workaround is known.
Upgrade to at least tuleap version 126.96.36.199.
Attackers may convice users to use a prepared link to access a valid Tuleap instance, which then redirects users to a fake login page. This can greatly increase the effectiveness of phishing attacks and may allow attackers to steal user credentials more effectively. However, no credentials or sensitive information can be extracted directly. Furthermore, the website to which users are going to be redirected will be displayed in the browser location bar so that users may identify the attack. Therefore, we rate this vulnerability with a low risk.
Nevertheless, it is very easy for attackers to identify this vulnerability and create malicious URLs, which makes it very likely that attackers might abuse this.
2018-01-02 Vulnerability identified
2018-01-11 Customer approved disclosure to vendor
2018-02-13 Vendor notified
2018-02-14 Vendor released fixed version
2018-03-05 Vendor made issue public
2018-03-08 Advisory released
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