EntryPass N5200 Credentials Disclosure
EntryPass N5200 Active Network Control Panels allow the unauthenticated downloading of information that includes the current administrative username and password.
Product: EntryPass N5200 Active Network Control Panel
Affected Versions: unknown
Fixed Versions: not available
Vulnerability Type: Information Disclosure, Credentials Disclosure
Security Risk: high
Vendor URL: http://www.entrypass.net/w3v1/products/active-network/n5200
Vendor Status: notified
Advisory URL: https://www.redteam-pentesting.de/advisories/rt-sa-2014-011
Advisory Status: published
CVE URL: https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2014-8868
"EntryPass Active Networks are designed to enhance highly customized and rapid 'real-time' changes to the underlying network operation. Brilliantly engineered with all the power you need to enable code-sending, minus unnecessary buffer time with its distributed architecture capable of processing access demand at the edge level without leveraging at the server end."
(From the vendor's home page)
EntryPass N5200 Active Network Control Panels offer an HTTP service on TCP port 80. It appears that only the first character of a requested URL's path is relevant to the web server. For example, requesting the URL
yields the same CSS file as requesting the following URL:
By enumerating all one-character long URLs on a device, it was determined that URLs starting with a numeric character are used by the web interface, as listed in the following table:
http://example.com/2 Authentication with Username/Password
http://example.com/3 Session Management
http://example.com/4 Device Status
http://example.com/5 Progressbar Image
http://example.com/6 Reset Status
http://example.com/7 Login Form
http://example.com/8 HTTP 404 Error Page
For URLs starting with non-numeric characters, an HTTP 404 - Not Found error page is normally returned. Exceptions to this rule are URLs starting with the lower case letters o to z and the upper case letters A to D. When requesting these URLs, memory contents from the device appear to be returned in the server's HTTP response.
As highlighted in the following listing, both the currently set username ADMIN and the corresponding password 123456 are disclosed in the memory contents when requesting the URL http://example.com/o:
$ curl -s http://example.com/o | hexdump -C | head
0010 XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX 77 77 77 2e 65 |XXXXXXXXXXXwww.e| 0020 6e 74 72 79 70 61 73 73 2e 6e 65 74 00 00 00 00 |ntrypass.net....| [...]
0060 XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX XX 41 44 4d 49 4e 26 |XXXXXXXXXXADMIN&| 0070 20 20 31 32 33 34 35 36 26 20 XX XX XX XX XX XX | 123456& XXXXXX| [...]
These credentials grant access to the administrative web interface of the device when using them in the regular login form.
Similarly, it is possible to get the status output of the device without prior authentication by simply requesting the following URL
The server responds to the request with the following XML data, which contains information about various different settings of the device.
<title>Device Server Manager</title>
<firmware_version>HCB.CC.S1.04.04.11.02 -N5200[64Mb]</firmware_version> <mac_address>XX-XX-XX-XX-XX-XX</mac_address>
Proof of Concept
$ curl -s http://example.com/o | hexdump -C | head
Access to the web interface should be blocked at the network layer.
Attackers with network access to an EntryPass N5200 Active Network Control Panel can retrieve memory contents from the device. These memory contents disclose the currently set username and password needed to access the administrative interface of the device. Using these credentials, it is possible to read the device's current status and configuration, as well as modify settings and install firmware updates.
With regards to the device itself, this vulnerability poses a high risk, as it allows attackers to gain full control. The actual operational risk depends on how the device is used in practice.
2014-05-19 Vulnerability identified
2014-08-25 Customer approved disclosure to vendor
2014-08-27 Vendor contacted, security contact requested
2014-09-03 Vendor contacted, security contact requested
2014-09-15 Vendor contacted, vulnerability reported
2014-09-17 Update requested from vendor, no response
2014-10-15 No response from vendor. Customer discontinued use of the
product and approved public disclosure
2014-10-20 Contacted vendor again since no fix or roadmap was provided.
2014-10-28 CVE number requested
2014-11-14 CVE number assigned
2014-12-01 Advisory released
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