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Denial of Service in D-Link DSR-250N

RedTeam Pentesting discovered a Denial-of-Service vulnerability in the
D-Link DSR-250N device which allows unauthenticated attackers in the
same local network to execute a CGI script which reboots the device.


Details
=======

Product: D-Link DSR-250N
Affected Versions: 3.12 and below 
Fixed Versions: 3.17B301C_WW
Vulnerability Type: DoS
Security Risk: low
Vendor URL: https://www.dlink.com/en/products/dsr-250n-wireless-n-unified-service-router
Vendor Status: fixed version released
Advisory URL: https://www.redteam-pentesting.de/advisories/rt-sa-2020-002
Advisory Status: published
CVE: CVE-2020-26567
CVE URL: https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2020-26567


Introduction
============

"The D-Link Wireless N Unified Service Router (DSR-250N) provides
enhanced security, functionality and performance over a traditional VPN
router without the complexity of a full firewall solution. The D-Link
Wireless N Unified Service Router is a cost-effective, high performance
solution for securing a small business network."

(from the vendor's homepage)


More Details
============

During a penetration test, the firmware for the D-Link DSR-250N router
was downloaded from D-Links official website[1] and extracted for
further analysis. It was then confirmed that CGI scripts exist on the
router that can be directly accessed with a web browser, without any
authentication. In particular, the script "upgradeStatusReboot.cgi"
executes the command to reboot the device. Its contents are:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
#!/bin/sh
echo Content-type: text/plain
echo ""
stat=`/sbin/reboot -d 8 &`
echo $stat
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Executing this script renders the device unusable for the time of the
reboot. In tests, it turned out that the device needs roughly four
minutes to complete a reboot. As a consequence, any network using the
device as a switch or router is not accessible during that time, too.

In the penetration test, the router's web interface was available
directly over the Internet. According to the vendor, the web interface
is by default disabled for the WAN interface.


Proof of Concept
================

An HTTP GET request to the CGI script "upgradeStatusReboot.cgi" will
reboot the device:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
$ curl -k -s https://IP-ADDRESS/scgi-bin/upgradeStatusReboot.cgi
------------------------------------------------------------------------


Workaround
==========

Access to the D-Link DSR-250N's web interface should only be enabled for
administrators, for example by only allowing access from specific IP
addresses in the firewall. Access over the WAN interface should also be
disabled if it was enabled manually.


Fix
===

A preview firmware version named 3.17B which should correct the issue
was received at the end of September from the vendor. RedTeam Pentesting
was not able to verify the fix due to lack of access to a test device.
However, the formerly accessible CGI script is no longer part of the
firmware.

Shortly after the release of this advisory, the patched firmware version
3.17B301C_WW was released by the vendor[2].


Security Risk
=============

No authentication is needed to excute the CGI script and thereby reboot
the device. Attackers might abuse this behaviour for targeted
denial-of-service-attacks against  D-Link customers, since rebooting the
device interrupts access to networks relying on this device for routing
or switching purposes. However, the attack is only possible if the
attacker resides on the same network, and no further information can be
gathered or control over the devices be obtained. Therefore, the
vulnerability is rated as a low risk.


Timeline
========

2020-06-29 Vulnerability identified
2020-07-03 Customer approved disclosure to vendor
2020-07-03 Requested security contact from vendor via web formular
2020-07-03 Vendor replied with contact information
2020-07-07 Advisory provided to vendor
2020-09-28 Vendor provided fixed version to RedTeam Pentesting
2020-10-05 CVE ID requested
2020-10-06 CVE ID assigned
2020-10-08 Advisory released
2020-10-08 Vendor released fixed version


References
==========

[1] https://support.dlink.com/ProductInfo.aspx?m=DSR-250N
[2] https://supportannouncement.us.dlink.com/announcement/publication.aspx?name=SAP10192


RedTeam Pentesting GmbH
=======================

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=============================

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